Konflik Rusia-Ukraina Sebabkan HBA Maret Jadi USD203,69 Per Ton

Konflik Rusia-Ukraina Sebabkan HBA Maret Jadi USD203,69 Per Ton
(Sumber: Kementerian Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral)

MENINGKATNYA eskalasi ketegangan geopolitik antara Rusia dan Ukraina membuat harga komoditas batu bara global melambung tinggi. Kementerian Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral (ESDM) telah menetapkan Harga Batubara Acuan (HBA) Maret 2022 sebesar USD203,69 per ton atau naik USD15,31 per ton dari Februari, yaitu USD188,38 per ton.

“Konflik ketegangan geopolitik yang terjadi di Eropa Timur antara Rusia dan Ukraina menyebabkan ketidakpastian pada pasokan gas,” kata Kepala Biro Komunikasi, Layanan Informasi Publik, dan Kerja Sama (KLIK) Kementerian ESDM Agung Pribadi di Jakarta, Senin (7/3).

Rusia, sambung Agung, merupakan salah satu produsen gas terbesar di dunia sehingga adanya konflik tersebut menyebabkan terjadi kendala pasokan gas di Eropa.

Makanan kucing

“Negara-negara Eropa bahkan mulai beralih ke batu bara sebagai sumber energi,” jelasnya.

HBA merupakan harga yang diperoleh dari rata-rata indeks Indonesia Coal Index (ICI), Newcastle Export Index (NEX), Globalcoal Newcastle Index (GCNC), dan Platt’s 5900 pada bulan sebelumnya, dengan kualitas yang disetarakan pada kalori 6322 kcal/kg GAR, total moisture 8%, total sulphur 0,8%, dan ash 15%.

Nantinya, harga ini akan digunakan secara langsung dalam jual-beli komoditas batu bara (spot) selama 1 bulan pada titik serah penjualan secara free on board di atas kapal pengangkut (FOB vessel).

Terdapat 2 faktor turunan yang memengaruhi pergerakan HBA, yaitu supply dan demand. Pada faktor turunan supply, dipengaruhi cuaca, teknis tambang, kebijakan negara supplier, hingga teknis di supply chain, seperti kereta, tongkang, maupun loading terminal.

Sementara itu, untuk faktor turunan demand, dipengaruhi kebutuhan listrik yang turun berkorelasi dengan kondisi industri, kebijakan impor, dan kompetisi dengan komoditas energi lain, seperti LNG, nuklir, dan hidro. (RLS/J1)

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